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Django celery y celery-beat daemonizing script error

Voy a establecer tareas periódicas con apio para lo que estoy tratando de demonizar un proceso de apio django en un servidor de prueba usando un script (al que se hace referencia en el sitio web oficial):

Entonces, este es mi archivo celeryd :

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# Names of nodes to start
#   most people will only start one node:
CELERYD_NODES="indicators"
#   but you can also start multiple and configure settings
#   for each in CELERYD_OPTS (see `celery multi --help` for examples):
#CELERYD_NODES="worker1 worker2 worker3"
#   alternatively, you can specify the number of nodes to start:
#CELERYD_NODES=10
# Absolute or relative path to the 'celery' command:
#CELERY_BIN="/usr/local/bin/celery"
CELERY_BIN="/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/bin/celery"
# App instance to use
# comment out this line if you don't use an app
#CELERY_APP="sgiprocess"
# or fully qualified:
CELERY_APP="indicator.tasks:app"
# Where to chdir at start.
CELERYD_CHDIR="/opt/pymis/reps/indicator_repository/indicator_ms/"
# Extra command-line arguments to the worker
CELERYD_OPTS="--time-limit=300 --concurrency=8"
# %N will be replaced with the first part of the nodename.
CELERYD_LOG_FILE="/var/log/celery/worker1.log"
CELERYD_PID_FILE="/var/run/celery/worker1.pid"
# Workers should run as an unprivileged user.
#   You need to create this user manually (or you can choose
#   a user/group combination that already exists, e.g. nobody).
CELERYD_USER="celeryuser"
CELERYD_GROUP="mygroup"
# If enabled pid and log directories will be created if missing,
# and owned by the userid/group configured.
CELERY_CREATE_DIRS=1

Este es mi archivo celerybeat :

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# Absolute or relative path to the 'celery' command:
#CELERY_BIN="/usr/local/bin/celery"
CELERY_BIN="/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/bin/celery"
# App instance to use
# comment out this line if you don't use an app
#CELERY_APP="sgiprocess"
# or fully qualified:
CELERY_APP="indicator.tasks:app"
# Where to chdir at start.
CELERYBEAT_CHDIR="/opt/pymis/reps/indicators_repository/indicator_ms/"
# Extra arguments to celerybeat
CELERYBEAT_OPTS="--schedule=/var/run/celery/celerybeat-schedule"

Este es mi rastro de error:

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(indicators_test) user@server:/opt/pymis/reps/indicator_repository/indicator_ms$ sudo /etc/init.d/celeryd restart
celery init v10.1.
Using config script: /etc/default/celeryd
celery multi v4.0.2 (latentcall)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/runpy.py", line 184, in _run_module_as_main
    "__main__", mod_spec)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/runpy.py", line 85, in _run_code
    exec(code, run_globals)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/__main__.py", line 18, in <module>
    main()
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/__main__.py", line 14, in main
    _main()
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/celery.py", line 326, in main
    cmd.execute_from_commandline(argv)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/celery.py", line 488, in execute_from_commandline
    super(CeleryCommand, self).execute_from_commandline(argv)))
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/base.py", line 279, in execute_from_commandline
    argv = self.setup_app_from_commandline(argv)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/base.py", line 481, in setup_app_from_commandline
    self.app = self.find_app(app)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/base.py", line 503, in find_app
    return find_app(app, symbol_by_name=self.symbol_by_name)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/app/utils.py", line 355, in find_app
    sym = symbol_by_name(app, imp=imp)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/bin/base.py", line 506, in symbol_by_name
    return imports.symbol_by_name(name, imp=imp)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/kombu/utils/imports.py", line 56, in symbol_by_name
    module = imp(module_name, package=package, **kwargs)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/celery/utils/imports.py", line 101, in import_from_cwd
    return imp(module, package=package)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/importlib/__init__.py", line 126, in import_module
    return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level)
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 986, in _gcd_import
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 969, in _find_and_load
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 958, in _find_and_load_unlocked
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 673, in _load_unlocked
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 665, in exec_module
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 222, in _call_with_frames_removed
  File "/opt/pymis/reps/indicator_repository/indicator_ms/indicator/tasks.py", line 7, in <module>
    from .models import Value
  File "/opt/pymis/reps/indicator_repository/indicator_ms/indicator/models.py", line 1, in <module>
    from django.contrib.auth.models import User
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/models.py", line 4, in <module>
    from django.contrib.auth.base_user import AbstractBaseUser, BaseUserManager
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/base_user.py", line 52, in <module>
    class AbstractBaseUser(models.Model):
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/db/models/base.py", line 105, in __new__
    app_config = apps.get_containing_app_config(module)
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 237, in get_containing_app_config
    self.check_apps_ready()
  File "/opt/pymis/envs/indicators/indicators_test/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 124, in check_apps_ready
    raise AppRegistryNotReady("Apps aren't loaded yet.")
django.core.exceptions.AppRegistryNotReady: Apps aren't loaded yet.
> Restarting node indicators@EMT-LIBREAPP: * Child terminated with exit code 1
FAILED

La cuestión es que cuando inicio manualmente celery y celerybeat con:

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celery -A config worker -l info
celery -A config beat

No me da ningún error y todo carga bien.

Actualización: este es mi archivo apio.py

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from __future__ import absolute_import
from celery import Celery
from django.conf import settings
import os
os.environ.setdefault('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE', 'config.settings.test')
app = Celery('indicators')
app.config_from_object('django.conf:settings')
app.autodiscover_tasks(lambda: settings.INSTALLED_APPS)
@app.task(bind=True)
def debug_task(self):
    print('Request: {0!r}'.format(self.request))

Actualización 2: Este es mi árbol de directorios

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indicator_ms (project root)
├── config
│   ├── settings
│   │    ├── __init__.py
│   │    ├── local.py
│   │    ├── test.py
│   │    └── production.py
│   ├── __init__.py
│   ├── celery.py
│   ├── urls.py
│   └── wsgi.py    

└── indicators (app)
    ├── __init__.py
    └── tasks.py 

y este es el archivo init .py dentro de la carpeta de configuración (no la carpeta de configuración)

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from __future__ import absolute_import
from .celery import app as celery_app

,

Como las tareas de apio de django no son propiamente un módulo de proyecto, debemos llamar al método django.setup() en nuestros respectivos módulos de tareas.

En mi caso, la solución fue establecer estas líneas dentro del archivo task.py antes de cualquier otra importación relacionada con el proyecto:

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import django
django.setup()

Para promover el punto de @mislav, hay una advertencia importante en los documentos de apio sobre la configuración de su instancia de aplicación de apio :

Los usuarios de Django ahora usan exactamente la misma plantilla que la anterior, pero asegúrese de que el módulo que define su instancia de la aplicación Celery también establezca un valor predeterminadoDJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE como se muestra en el proyecto Django de ejemplo en Primeros pasos con Django.

(énfasis añadido)

Así que asegúrese de que aparezca algo similar a las siguientes líneas en su celery.py

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# set the default Django settings module for the 'celery' program.
os.environ.setdefault('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE', 'my_app.settings')
from django.conf import settings  # noqa
app = Celery('my_project_name')
# Using a string here means the worker will not have to
# pickle the object when using Windows.
app.config_from_object('django.conf:settings')
app.autodiscover_tasks(lambda: settings.INSTALLED_APPS)

Si todo lo demás falla, actualice el script initd para generar su entorno virtual antes de invocar apio

Lo primero… ¿Estás casado con esta estructura de proyecto? 😀

Debido a que recién está comenzando con el apio, me arriesgaré y le diré que puede moverse celery.py.


Puede intentar exportar su módulo de configuración en su celerydarchivo si está en una ruta personalizada.

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# regular celeryd config stuff...
# projects settings module.
export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=my_project.settings.production
export PYTHONPATH=$PYTHONPATH:/path/to/my_project/

Y use exactamente 'indicator_celery.settings'en su celery.pyarchivo, noconfig.settings.local

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# celery.py file
from __future__ import absolute_import
import os
from celery import Celery
os.environ.setdefault('DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE', 'indicator_celery.settings')
from django.conf import settings  # noqa
app = Celery('indicator_celery')
app.config_from_object('django.conf:settings')
app.autodiscover_tasks(lambda: settings.INSTALLED_APPS)

También indicator_celery.__init__el archivo debería ser así:

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# celery app init file
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
from __future__ import absolute_import
# This will make sure the app is always imported when
# Django starts so that shared_task will use this app.
from .celery import app as celery_app  # noqa

último árbol de directorios:

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indicator_ms (project root)
├── config
│   ├── settings
│   │    ├── __init__.py
│   │    ├── local.py
│   │    ├── test.py
│   │    └── production.py
│   ├── __init__.py
│   ├── urls.py
│   └── wsgi.py    
├── indicator_celery
│   ├── __init__.py
│   └── celery.py
└── indicators (app)
    ├── __init__.py
    └── tasks.py 

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